Strawberry Fields (John Lennon Memorial, Central Park)

Imagine mosaic, Central Park. Photo copyright © 2018 Dianne L. Durante

Imagine no John Lennon … I don’t know if we can. But if you need reminders of how influential he was, in music and in the world at large, then the names of his two-part memorial in Central Park will do nicely.

In 1955, John – a rowdy 15-year-old with a cheap guitar – started a band. Five years later, the band had evolved into The Beatles. Soon John, Paul, George and Ringo were swept up in the worldwide whirlwind known as “Beatlemania.” In 1966, John tossed off the comment that the group was “more popular than Jesus.”

John Lennon, 1964 (Wikipedia). Poster for Beatles performance, 1963 (presumed public domain). Beatles, 1964 (Wikipedia).

The boycotts, burnings, and Ku Klux Klan threats that followed were enough to make the Beatles long for … yesterday. A hit single released in early 1967 featured Paul McCartney’s tribute to a Liverpool street on one side, and on the other, “Strawberry Fields Forever.” John’s song was inspired by an orphanage near his home whose gardens were his favorite hangout as a kid.

Strawberry Fields orphanage (before 1973) and gate. Images: left is uncredited (see this page); right is Wikipedia.

The inspiration for “Strawberry Fields Forever” was nostalgia, but it sounded like no pop single ever released. Parts of the vocal track were deliberately slurred. It used a strikingly weird combination of non-European and high-tech instruments. The style drove other rock musicians to push their boundaries and brought “psychedelic rock” into mainstream music.

Jimi Hendrix album (fair use) and Woodstock advertisement (presumed copyright free).

At around the time “Strawberry Fields Forever” was released, John began to denounce the American government for its involvement in the Vietnam War. He was one of the first stars – in Hollywood or the music world – ever to oppose government policies so vehemently. John’s week-long honeymoon with Yoko Ono in 1969 was, they declared, a “bed-in for peace.”

John & Yoko’s “bed-in for peace” and John on guitar (both Roy Kerwood / Wikipedia). Anti-war rally (David Wilson / Wikipedia).

“Give Peace a Chance,” written on part two of the honeymoon, became the battle chant of the antiwar movement. “Imagine,” written two years later – after the Beatles had broken up – became the movement’s calm, prayerful hymn. John cheerfully admitted that “Imagine” was “virtually the Communist Manifesto,” but its subversive message was cloaked in elegantly simple lyrics and a low-key piano, string, and drum accompaniment. The song remains a testimony to the power of music to move listeners – even those who don’t agree with the lyrics.

Advertisement for “Imagine,” 1971. Image: Wikipedia

As “Imagine” was climbing the charts in August 1971, John and Yoko moved to New York, arriving as the American presidential campaign was getting under way. In 1972, for the first time, millions of 18 to 20-year-olds would be able to vote. At antiwar rallies, John told fans that the only way to “give peace a chance” was to vote against Richard M. Nixon.

Nixon campaign buttons, 1972.

Nixon promptly put John and Yoko under FBI surveillance. He ordered the Immigration and Naturalization Service to start proceedings to send John back to where he once belonged.

From the FBI file on John Lennon, 1972 (online here).
From the FBI’s file on John Lennon, 1972 (online here).
From the FBI’s file on John Lennon, 1972 (online here).

The deportation case dragged on past Nixon’s landslide victory in 1972, past the Watergate scandal, and past Nixon’s resignation. John was finally granted legal permanent resident status in 1975.

Nixon landslide, 1972 (Tilden76 / Wikipedia). Nixon departing after his resignation, 1974 (taken by government employee). John Lennon’s permanent resident card, 1975.

Meanwhile, John and Yoko had settled in the Dakota Apartments. John spent five years caring for their son Sean and watching other people’s wheels go round and round. Then he got back on the merry-go-round, recording with Yoko the Double Fantasy album, released in November 1980. What forty-year-old John Lennon might have created had he not been shot a month later, none of us can even imagine.

Aerial view of the Dakota, with the Imagine mosaic (under snow) toward the upper right (Jun / Wikipedia). John and Yoko in the 1970s (Jack Mitchell / Wikipedia).


  • John Lennon was born October 9, 1940, in Liverpool; he died December 8, 1980. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band was released May 26, 1967.”Imagine” was released September 9, 1971 in the United States. The Strawberry Fields Memorial was dedicated on what would have been Lennon’s 45th birthday: October 9, 1985.
  • This post is adapted from one of the episodes in the Guides Who Know app on Central Park (forthcoming). It wasn’t one of the easy episodes. Lennon was such an integral part of my adolescence that stepping back to look at his influence was difficult. Also, unlike all my guys from the 19th century, one generally has to pay for decent illustrations of Lennon, and licensed use of Beatles music is expensive. The episode could easily have run a couple thousand dollars in permissions fees. I chose to use almost-quotes of Beatles songs.
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